"Silver Necklace of Russia" – a tourist route through the ancient Russian lands. It includes 11 subjects of Russia: St. Petersburg, Leningrad, Arkhangelsk, Murmansk regions and other northern regions of the country. They contain the most interesting natural and cultural sights: famous museums and objects of ancient wooden architecture, national parks and imperial palaces.
The Peter and Paul Fortress on Hare Island was laid in 1703, and less than 10 years later, the capital of Russia moved to the city built up around it. Today, St. Petersburg ranks first in the country in the number of palaces, there are about 200 museums here, and the Hermitage collection has become one of the largest in the world.
Leningrad region is famous for its cultural monuments. Among them are ancient temples, medieval fortresses, palaces of the Russian nobility, writers' estates and military memorials. Many cultural monuments today have become museums that hold valuables from different eras.
The Arkhangelsk region is famous for its samples of northern wooden architecture. The Malye Korely Museum has more than a hundred old buildings: peasant huts, bathhouses, a bell tower, a church and the largest collection of windmills in Russia. The historical and architectural ensemble of the Solovki Islands is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. We invite you for a walk around Arkhangelsk – the capital of the Russian Arctic, the first international seaport of Russia.
In the Vologda region preserved ancient temples and monasteries. In the famous Trans-Volga monastery – Ferapontov – the Museum of Dionysius's Frescoes is located. Get to know the interesting sights of Vologda and Cherepovets. In the capital of the region, you can see the Vologda Kremlin, which was founded in the 16th century, the local “Tower of Pisa” and the only Lace Museum in Russia, and in Cherepovets – the first cable-stayed bridge in the country.
Until 1946, Kaliningrad and the surrounding territories belonged to Germany. Here you can see the monuments of European architecture: castles, gates, towers and old houses. In the region there is a natural reserve “Curonian Spit”, which is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Kaliningrad itself is called the “amber city”: 90% of the world's amber is mined here.
The Murmansk region is often called the “Russian Lapland”: it is located beyond the Arctic Circle. Here live the indigenous peoples of the Kola Peninsula – the Saami and Pomors. The region has the oldest monastery on the Kola Peninsula – Trifonov Pechengsky, as well as the Lapland Biosphere Reserve, known as the birthplace of Father Frost. We go on a trip to Murmansk – the largest city in the world beyond the Arctic Circle.
Pskov region is one of the oldest in Russia. Mention of Pskov found in annals from the beginning of X century. A number of historical monuments have been preserved in the region: the Pskov Kremlin, the Izborsk fortress, the family estate of Alexander Pushkin in the village of Mikhailovsky.
Veliky Novgorod is called the “cradle of Russian statehood”: according to the chronicles, it was here that the Slavs invited to reign Rurik. In the Middle Ages, the city was the center of Novgorod Russia. The architectural complex of the 10th-11th centuries is preserved here – the Yaroslav's Court, the Kremlin of the 15th century and the most ancient Russian church – the Sofia Cathedral.
REPUBLIC OF KARELIA
Famous cultural objects are located in the Republic of Karelia: the Valaam Archipelago and the Kizhi Museum-Reserve, its architectural ensemble is included in the UNESCO List of World Cultural and Natural Heritage Sites. The city of Petrozavodsk is called the port of the five seas, because